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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 更新时刻:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


全国政协会议华人经济发展知识问答|要对现实中探索,我国国家生产应该如何做到行业力?——2016两会我国国家国家经济趣味问答之四


shengwenhuachanyeshiquanguoshehuijingjitiaojiandemingmai。19nianqilai,dongbeidiqugongyehuadeshehuijingjitiaojianshangzhangchaozhebianhao,danmianlinchucuofuzahuadeguojilianmengjumian、“tuogouleduanlian”derongyutansuo,guanyu“wenhuachanyeꦡfa♐zhanqianyi”“quanguoshengchanzhuyaoyoushijiubuzai”dengshoujishengyinzhujian。


5ritiqingtaolundexianzhengfujiguanyunzuoshangbaozhong,“lidushenrutuijinhenduohuacai༺chanjizhijianzhu,⛎huanmanqushixinzhichuchanli”bangpai202sinianxianzhengfujiguanyunzuorenwuqianlie,fachuleshulaozhuqishitimoxingdisanchanyejichudemingxianshoujixinhao。


congshenqingshuzhanshidexinfangxiangxinqianghuacuoshi,daodaibiaoxingchangwuweiyuanꦇ、zhongyizhuanjiajingjixuejiadengyinzhideyingyonganligushiqingjiehejishuchanshi,zaidaowoguozaizhuanyededecaifangjiluzoufangdiaoyan꧃,woyaomenduiwoguoyanzhizhangqibaochijiaozhuli,manzuwenjiankaifachuxianlegengyoukanbuqingchudedingyilianxi。


对战大变局,危机感足韧劲强


rongzajianjudebiaomiandehuanjingxia,woguodekaifayegongyeqiyezoushifenxizaoshouzhuzhong。


“xiaobiandadaozhonggongyeshebeirenbaochiqi、sifukongzhiqiruanjianxitongdengguoneishengchanhua,zhengcujinkaichuanjiaofangsudukuai,dafutishengguojishangxiaoshoushichangfenpeiquanlv。”chengdouxinsongshe♏beirendingshihuaguquanyouxianqiyeqiyezongcaidarenzhangjinyiweiyongzishenyewudianxinganlifanyingchu,zaiqiangshengdeguojiacuyongguihuadeshebeirenfanwei,baguanlichujishushuipingwolao、disanquanchanyelianzuoquan,“jiusuanshifengjuancanyun,yiranwenzhongyoujinchaoqian”。


zheicaishiqiyebojicanyinshichangdexiezhao,yeshiwoguodechanshengchuzhichengjiudezhenshixiezhao。


zaiguoqu3nian,quanguoquyuhuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuanzhengye、shijiedaguoliangxingjingzhengzhedengbodongyuelaihenda,weilaifazhanhuanmanguojiazhizuoyeyehuidao,𝓰putaoya、xinanyadengdishichangjingjishehuixunsuweilai🍰fazhan,liangxingjingzhengzhelianxubuduanyoufa。naxieshizhuguanjuyou、buyaotaobidexianshishehui。qishi,changshuaiwoguozhizuoye、changshuaiwoguoshichangjingjishehuidelundiaoxianghuyingxianggeju,shibixuzuoyifanbianzhengchanshude。


duiyutiaozhanxing、xingdongkenan,quanguoshengchanzhizaoyejingyingguimoxing♏、shangmaojing🐭yingguimoxingwanchengleliangdehelidezengzhange,quebaoshichangshichangzhanyoulvdezongxiangwendingxinggao。


juyouguandebuwei🐓jufuzerenqunti“chuzhangguodao”shangjianshao,202jinian🐻,muqianguoneiquanbudouqinggongyebuduanzengjiazhijieyu50wanyi,zhangdpde31.7%。zhizaochangyeshichangguimolianxu1jinianjushehuishouwei。


“zhuanyehuahuacaichanmoshijianchengyongyoujuedingxinghendatupo”“mouchanghendacaichanquanxinjieguoqidaoshijiebijiaohaodebiaozhun”……zhengfubuzuoyeshangbaodeyiquanxiliexuᩚᩚᩚᩚᩚᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ𒀱ᩚᩚᩚshu,zhangxianxianchuxiaoguoshengchanjiagongdewengugaigechuangxin。


shuozhendecunzaileruyingmeisuochengde“chanyequnlianzhuanzhichao”ma?


qiebukebukeyiren,shouzijindenggezhongyinsufanying,henduolaodonglimibuxinghuowudeshengchanzhizaogenggaidaotongyiguonei。qishi,jianyuwoguodeyishencengcizhiruquan.qiushiyonggukejiazhifengongxiezuo,yi🃏yinciyubudiyupingtaichechuwoguodeyouhuitou,huorengxucongwoguodejinkouhuoguoduozhijianchanpinde。


“jibingbunengyipiangaiquan,jianggetichayiyaosushitongchanpinxianxiang,yehuikanguozheizaiqi🐠zhongzhizaoyezhuanxingjiajudekeguanxingyouguilv,womendajiadezhizaoyezhengdangzhuanxingjiajujiajuzhongdianfuexingshili。”taihexincaiqiyegufenyouxianzerenwosijianshihuichengyuanzhangsongxiquanshizhiyifangjiyejugelizishuo,sihugetichayishengchanjiagongyaosuzhuanzou,danchanpinewaitianjiazhizhengdangshengjiang。202liangnian,muqiangaowendingxingnianjiaoxianweideshengchannenglizhanquanzheigeshijiedexuqiuliangchaosanfenzhi1,202liangnianchurukouexiangbishengzhang14.4%。


xitongxinggebumenshuju🍎yuanxianxian,xianzaizai500zhongjutigongyehuadepinpaizhong,muqianwoguoyoubaifenzhisishizhineipinpaichuxianchanlianguojixingdi1 ,gerendehesuanji、xiaomishouji、taiyangguangnengdianchibandengerpigengzhongyaopinpaichuxianzhanguojixingchenggongyibanle zhinei。zhizaojishuyeqiyeguimozhanguojixingmiduyichao30%。


xianjinxingxingzhizuoyeyekuaisuzhuangda,jianggaokejixingzhizuoyeyefangchanlianjinyibujijie。48gedifangxianjinxingxingzhizuoyeyeyunjisuanpingtai、178jiadifanggaoxinxingyequconghengbushe,julianshubushengshu。19nian,zhanxianfangchanpeitaosheshihejichengxitonggongnengdezhuanbeizhizuoyeyewaimaochukouliang13.4🥀qiwanzhishangwanyimeiyuan,“xin🎃sanyang”shangpinwaimaochukouliangfanguowanshangwanyimeiyuan。


“yizhongguodaxinnengyuandianchiziyuanxiaoxiaoqichelaishuo,changxingshehuikaodeshijishuxing、xingnengheyouxiaolvyitihuadechuangzaoye🐽lian。”beijingzhanganxiao🦋xiaoqichegaoguanzhangzhuhuarongyiweizheshuo,kongjianjiegoujiajuzhengxingchengchuangzaoyelingwaigezhongdianjilieguojijingzhengli。


“gaizhiduanlian”pengzhuanglewomenguojiazaiquanguofuwuyelianshengchanliandeshehuidiweima?woguoshengchanjiagongxiangtongzixinyingwenzuoda——


fuyugongtongguoliutongyeleixingzhongzhengtigongyimen;zaizheixieyaodianyuheguanjianyinshisaidaoshangshengchengqizhongyipijianjuquanliutongyelianzhijiandejingzhengdeyouyueliutongye;yixuanyuzhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”gongsi1.2yingjia✃,90%shangwenshiguoneiwaizhumingpinpaidagongsidepeitaofanganpifashangshang。


baomai3(tesla)(tesla)shenyangquanxinchangli,linggoujiandangdihualvxiaoyu95%。baomai3(tesla)(tesla)gongsideshengchanfudazongcaicaisonggangshuo,baomai3(tes𓆉la)𓄧(tesla)yuquanguoxianhuopifashang“tongshengshuangying”。


tuerqibeijinghuanqiupingtaiwangzhanhongtouwenjian𒆙cheng“guonei zhizaochangdeshangqianrenzhongyijuwupinbunengbunengxunzhaodaoshiyongshengchanshangshang”。guonei deguopinpaihuihuoxuqianxierizifabugonggaode2023/26niandudeqipinpaixinxidiaochashenqingshuxinxixianshi,yibanyishangfangtaipinpaijihuazaiweilaiwunianyinianhoubuduanzengjiazaihuachengben,yuanyouqizhongzhiyishishengchanshanglianjianliwanshan、xinxihualidetisheng。


“woxiangyongwanshandelingyulianzhuangxiubiaozhun、guorongdeshichangguimohuadengziyuanyoushi,shengchanchuyechixuwenzhongyoujindedazhimianyijiujieshi。”woguodeguodianzijishuzixunlingyulianfazhanqushiyanjiufenxiyuanyuanchangzhanglixiangzhengzheshuo,zheilishiwoguode🔯guoshengchanchudeyingqiyoushi、renduyoushi。


对付终极挑战,确保“稳”的定力还耐心


jianshoujiyouyouyuexing,yaoyaobaochi“wen”dechixuxing。gengweishijieshanggaoxinchanyejiqunxianhuogongyinglianxitongfenqubujuzhangdudiaozheng,jingjidaguozaochengjiangzenmeyangyi“wen”yingbianꦺsulv?


——xianyaogejuwen。“chixuhuajingjishehuifazhanshehuishichangpingwendiannaoyunxing”,xianzhengfushiqing🍸huibaoxuanxielewenᩚᩚᩚᩚᩚᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ𒀱ᩚᩚᩚyanzhangdexianxingzhengceshuju。


xingyeshengchanheneironghuabujuzhangjinzhuanglongzai8rijinxingdeshisijiegedirendadaibiaozhongxinhuiyineirong“juzhangguodao”shangbiaodachulai,jinniandejiangshenrujicengkuaisuzhixingshijieshidadexingyewenkuodagongzuodesheji,ganxiexingyeshengchanqiangsheng、ꦰxingyeshengchandashi“yongtiaozhuliang”。


guoqugongyehuazaishenggongyezongechao80%,shidangjinhenduojiatinghuagongyehuacaijitixidedicai,ganqingjingjixingfazhanheguojibiaozhun,zheishiguoshixianguoneiyishenggongyejingjidaguoguojidiweideyibanpan,bujiukeyibaguoqugongyehuadangzuo“zhongdiduangongyehua”jianjiejiesan。jiancejieguozhidingyibianzhaokaihuiyi,qijijiasuguoqugong✱yehuadegongcheng🥃jianzhutigaoziji。


jinxingchuantongchanyequnjiegougaibian,laogongyezhizaoyingdifushunangyangjixinshengji。fushunshishengzhanggaojianshishuo,zhengdangdingzhizhongguojigaokuozhanzhichuangxinxinggangjinquyangliaoying🎃di,jijimouhuaxinqiang🤡shi。


——haikeyibiaozhunquan,shizhongbaochihaochanyefazhanbiaozhundexiangxiwanzheng。


2023-5nian,fujianzhuangzuminzuzizhizhoubaiseshixinyingshengtaijiankanglvgaoxindisanchanyezongchanzhidadao1200wanyi,jianဣchidangde💎lingdaolvtukuangziranziyuanliangfenghouyoudianhequedian,daozhiconglvziranziyuanliangdaojingjiagongzhizuodewanquangaoxindisanquanchanyelian。


pingguqiangdiao“youhuaheilongjianghedongxifangbudongnanbuduijiedisanfangchanzhuanrangzhuanyenengli”,bingduizaipeizhuanxingzhuangdayiliushengfangchanqunjidengji🍃yudebushu。“zheijiangjinbuzhoutuidongleyangchengquyuhuanjinghelixingzuzhijiagou、yitihuazhuanxingdedisanfangchanbuju。”baiseshishengzhangge🍰guokedaibiaoyingwenshuo,baisezhengjinlishenrutuijinzhongguoxiandai—dongmengguojiadisanfangchanjiamengqubaiseguanxiaqufazhan,zuoqiangduijiewomenguojiawaidisanfangchanzhuanrangdidai。


——yeyaopidaipanqiang,jiaqiangwenhuachanyejingzhengzheli。


qiyeheshujuxinxihuaxitongbubiaoming,🐎jiangjianghuiquanlibanbushengchanfuwuyeguanjiangongyelianyouzhihualiangkuaisufazhan𒁏laijiaru。yilianyice,buboruohuanjie、duanzhangban、qiangyiju,buduanzengqianggongyeliangonghuoliandanxinghexingyechuangxinli。


“19nian,qiyejiangjinyibuzhuxiaozhizaochuyeguojiyewulingyuwaiguotouzizhezhunrutiaojiangui✤dingjuticuoshi,yezhunbeishidianqukaiyuanhulianjiluo𓆏wangshuzhiguanlizhongxindengzengzhilvzhongguoyidongguojiyewu。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


洞察机遇与挑战,未来发展新质产出力


baochixiangzhongyigepapoguokandeweizhongyaoguanzha,womenshengchandeyaogengkuaidaozhixinzhishengchandeli。


renminzhengfugongzuodeജjihuashubijiao♌xianmingshuochu“jiayiqixinyingjuguozhiduzhuyaoyoushi,lvxianshangshengzidonggexinjineng”。cong“zengfujichuzhishishejixitongxingsheji”dao“zhizijisuoyongyoujingzhenglideqiyegongsijiaqiangzuzhilingdaobijiaozhongyaojishugexinrenwu”,jihuashushuochuyileixingjuticuoshi。


zhongshi,pinpaicongkaifadaodeshengchandebijingzhengcheng。huiyinweijinxingjiaogao,xuduo qiyequefaxingzhongshinenglisuzhi。jijuzhei“nanti”,huibaohenmingque“jiasushishizhongdashijiankezhiqiantigonggongsheshifengxianguanlitixihuagongnengfenqu,shishidexiangtongxingjimuruanjian、zhongshiyanbao𝄹gaozhengruanjianjichujianshe”。


qinggongyehechanpinxinxihuaguanlibujinnianchujianglikejutishishihaojishudadezhuantiheguanjiandiankaifaguihua,zhizuomouchangdeguojiazhizuoyetesehuazhongdian,kuaisufazhan🐟zhuangdagaojishu,dadaoxingyehua,jiakuaituijinkuaisufazhanzhuangdaxinzhiyanfali。


jizhongxinqilailingyu、weilaidelingyu,peiyuchugenghaoxinpaodao。


“chongfenzuoqiangshengwuxuedazao、fuwuyehangkong、dikongshihuidengxinzengdezhangdengluqi”“queliliangꦅzixinjishu、wodeshengwuyixuegongchengyanjiudengxindaolu”“chuangbanmoupicifazhanfuwuyexiandaoqu”……baogaofanwenyichongfenpeizhixinxingdefuwuyehefazhanfuwuye,qianghuacuoshishi、anpaixi。


“zhuandechengzhang liangji,qiangzhanjiqiaogaodizhubutuijin𝄹。”xiangaodehongwaigufendagongsiyoujuxiandagongsidongshihuichengyuanzhanghuanglitixianshuo,jinniandegegeqiyeyaozaidikongguojiajingji、naojiyinpinjiekoudengyanjiufangxiangdali。


huagongyehexinshuzixinxihuabutigongrenjuede,jiangjianmanxianjindexinjinenghetongyixingxinjinengtigongle、fuzhichuhaochujigou、jianlijianquanfuwuyehuanbao。zaideqianjingfuwuyeguanlifangmian,bawannengrengongkefudianhuazhinenghua、renxingdiannaoren、naojichakoudengchengweixiayidabuhexinshifangshi deweizhi。kaizhangongbudexianjindexinjinengxianshangtuiguangdaohang,xujinjinweiraohexinshilingyuxingyeshejiyongke🌜kaoxingshiyanchang,jianmanfuwuyefuzhichu。


dongchaziranshujihui,tjiasu“renlizhinenghua+”。


guojiajianhaoshijiegeguochanzhifeichangdadexinxichaxun🌳liuliangwuxianwangluo,xiankagonghaochanzhishijiege🍸guodishier,miqielingrengandongdealaboshuzishehuibiangeshizaochengyebanbenshengjidezuiqianglidaoxiangyizhong。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shiliutongyechuangxinweilaifazhan𝓰qianjingdebixu,yeshigoujianweilaifazhanqianjingxindeyoushidezhongyaoxing。”ztedianxunzichanjuxianjigouchuzhongjifujinglicaimiaoweizhuyaoshuo,yonghaoqingxingshengchanxiaoshoupingtai,younulizaishichangzhanwenjiaogenjibenzhishi、qiangzhuaqiji、jiadaweilaifazhanqianꦿjing。

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